Karate Terminology

 

English

 

Japanese

Pronunciation

Stance
natural stance
forward stance

back stance

straddle stance

Punching Techniques

straight punch
reverse punch

stepping punch

 

Striking Techniques

knife hand strike

ridge hand strike
elbow strike  

 

Kicking Techniques

front kick

front snap kick

front thrust kick

side kick
side snap kick

side thrust kick

back kick
back snap kick

back thrust kick

roundhouse kick

crescent kick stamping kick
inside snapping kick

 

 

Blocking Techniques

down block

forearm block
rising block
dropping block

knife hand block

Tachikata

shizon-tai

zenkutsu-dachi

kokutsu-dachi

kiba-dachi

Tsuki-Waza

choku-zuki

gyaku-zuki

oi-zuki

 

 

Uchi-Waza

shuto-uchi

haito-uchi

empi-uchi

 

 

Keri-Waza

mae-geri

mae-geri-keage

mae-geri-kekomi

yoko-geri

yoko-geri- keage

yoko-geri-kekomi

ushiro-geri

ushiro-geri-keage

ushiro-geri-kekomi

mawashi-geri

mikazuki-geri

fumikomi namigaeshi

 

 

Uke-Waza

gedan-barai

ude-uke

age-uke

otoshi-uke

shuto-uke

 

Tah-chee-kah-tah

she-zen-tie

zen-koo-tsue dah-chee
koe-koo-tsue dah-chee
key-bah dah-chee
Tsue-key Wah-zah
cho-koo zoo-key

gyah-koo zoo-key
oh-ee zoo-key

 

 

Oo-chee Wah-zah
shoe-toe oo-chee
hi-toe oo-chee

em-pee oo-chee

 

 

Kay-rhee Wah-zah
mah-eh geh-rhee
mah-eh geh-rhee kay-ah-geh
mah-eh geh-rhee kay-koh-me
yoh-koh geh-rhee

yoh-koh geh-rhee kay-ah-geh
yoh-koh geh-rhee kay-koh-me
oo-she-row geh-rhee

oo-she-row geh-rhee kay-ah-geh
oo-she-row geh-rhee kay-koh-me
mah-wah-she geh-rhee
me-kah-zoo-key geh-rhee

foo-me-koh-me nah-me-gah-eh-she

 

Oo-kay Wah-zah
geh-dahn bah-rah-ee
oo-day oo-kay

ah-gay oo-kay

oh-toh-she oo-kay
shoe-to oo-kay

 

 

Form

Heian #1

Heian #2
Heian #3
Heian #4
Heian #5
Tekki #1
Tekki #2
Tekki #3
Sparring  
5 attack sparring
3 attack sparring

1 attack sparring  

 

 

semi-free sparring

free sparring

one

two

three

four

five

six

seven

eight

nine

ten

 

 

Kata

Heian shodan
Heian nidan

Heian sandan

Heian yandan

Heian godan

Tekki shodan

Tekki Nidan

Tekki Sandan

Kumite

gohon kumite

sanban kumite

ippon kumite

 

 

 

jiyu ippon kumite

jiyu kumite

ichi
ni
san
shi

go

roku

shichi
hachi
ku
ju

 

Kah-tah

hay-ee-ahn show-dahn

hay-ee-ahn knee-dahn

hay-ee-ahn sahn-dahn

hay-ee-ahn yohn-dahn

hay-ee-ahn go-dahn

tehk-key show-dahn

tehk-key knee-dahn

tehk-key sahn-dahn

Koo-me-tay

go-hone koo-me-tay

sahn-bahn koo-me-tay
ee-pona koo-me-tay

 

 

 

jee-you ee-pone koo-me-tay
jee-you koo-me-tay

ee-chee

knee

sahn

shee
go
rokoo
she-chee

hah-chee

koo

jew

 

 

 

high level, head area  
middle level, torso  
lower level, below belt  
ready  
begin
finish  
kneel  
stand up  
meditate  
bow

instructor

senior  
junior

 

jodan

chudan

gedan

yoi

hajime

yame

seiza

tatte

mokuso

rei

Sensei

Senpai

kohai

 

 

joe-dahn

chew-dahn

geh-dahn

yoh-ee

hah-jee-meh

yah-meh

say-zah

that-the

moe-koo-so

ray
Sen-say
Sen-pah-ee

Koh-hah-ee

 

 

 

 

training gym
uniform
left
right
forms
basics
sparring
term of respect, used with bow
sound made when focusing the energy of the body both physically and mentally
focus physically and mentally the energy of the body

 

 

 

Dojo

Gi

Hidari

Migi

Kata

Kihon

Kumite

OS

 

Kiai

 

Kime